This essay focuses on an appreciation for disaster management. The term project accounts for 30% of the final grade. The paper needs to be at least 10 pages in length, double-spaced.
Research “Project”: The final essay (project) will draw upon readings and other materials used in the course. Case studies of actual disaster events, to develop an appreciation for disaster management. The term project accounts for 30% of the final grade. The paper needs to be at least 10 pages in length, double-spaced. It should not exceed 25 pages in length including references. Required Texts: The required textbooks are available at the college bookstore and at online bookstores. Additional reading materials will be provided online in each week. Kapucu, Naim & Alp Ozerdem. 2011. Managing emergencies and crises. Boston, MA: Jones & Bartlett Publishers. ISBN: 978 0 7637 8155 2
Disasters are routinely divided into natural or human-made, although complex disasters, where there is no single root cause, are more common in developing countries. A specific disaster may spawn a secondary disaster that increases the impact. A classic example is an earthquake that causes a tsunami, resulting in coastal flooding. Some manufactured disasters have been ascribed to nature.
Some researchers also differentiate between recurring events such as seasonal flooding, and those considered unpredictable.
A natural disaster is a natural process or phenomenon that may cause loss of life, injury or other health impacts, property damage, loss of livelihoods and services, social and economic disruption, or environmental damage.
Various phenomena like earthquakes, landslides, volcanic eruptions, floods, hurricanes, tornadoes, blizzards, tsunamis, cyclones and pandemics are all natural hazards that kill thousands of people and destroy billions of dollars of habitat and property each year. However, the rapid growth of the world’s population and its increased concentration often in hazardous environments has escalated both the frequency and severity of disasters. With the tropical climate and unstable landforms, coupled with deforestation, unplanned growth proliferation, non-engineered constructions make the disaster-prone areas more vulnerable. Developing countries suffer more or less chronically from natural disasters due to ineffective communication combined with insufficient budgetary allocation for disaster prevention and management.
Firstly, be keen
Further, keep time
Further, be cautious