This essay focuses on Ethics and Morality.Write a 2-4 page essay, double-spaced, reflecting on your understanding of and response to the readings and discussions about the meaning(s)
Write a 2-4 page essay, double-spaced, reflecting on your understanding of and response to the readings and discussions about the meaning(s) of Ethics and Morality, as well as any issues which the readings on Ancient Ethics have raised for you. The readings are uploaded. 1. Ethics by Gensler, 2.Morality and Religion from the Encyclopedia of Religion, 3. History of Ethics (chapter on ethical thought in china) from Routledge Companion to Ethics, 4. Chapter on Ethical thought in India from Routledge Companion to Ethics, 5. Chapters on Socrates, Plato Aristotle, and Later Ancient Ethics all from Routledge Companion to Ethics, 6. Plato’s Dialogue Euthyphro
Ancient Mexico: Life on The Slippery Earth ( URL: https://aeon.co/essays/aztec-moral-philosophy-didnt-expect-anyone-to-be-a-saint )
From the beginning of the Abrahamic faiths and of Greek philosophy, religion and morality have been closely intertwined. This is true whether we go back within Greek philosophy or within Christianity and Judaism and Islam. The present entry will not try to step beyond these confines, since there are other entries on Eastern thought (see, for example, the entries on Ethics in Indian and Tibetan Buddhism and Chinese Ethics). The entry proceeds chronologically, giving greatest length to the contemporary period. It cannot, within the present compass, aspire to be comprehensive. But it will be able to describe the main options as they have occurred historically
Philosophers have drawn various contrasts between the two at various times (Kant for example, and Hegel, and more recently R.M. Hare and Bernard Williams).(e.g., medical ethics, etc.). In any case, this entry will assume that morality is a set of customs and habits that shape how we think about how we should live or about what is a good human life.
The origin of the word is probably the Latin religare, to bind back. Not all uses of the term require reference to a divinity or divinities. But this entry will use the term so that there is such a reference, and a religion is a system of belief and practice that accepting a ‘binding’ relation to such a being or beings. This does not, however, give us a single essence of religion, since the conceptions of divinity are so various, and human relations with divinity are conceive so variously that no such essence is apparent even within Western . The ancient Greeks, for example, had many intermediate categories between full gods or goddesses and human beings.
spirits (in Greek daimones) and spiritual beings like Socrates’s mysterious voice (daimonion) (Apology, 31d1–4, 40a2–c3). There were heroes who were offspring of one divine and one human parent. were humans who were deified, like the kings of Sparta. This is just within the culture of ancient Greece.