This essay focuses on historical changes. Following this, it examines historical changes in some of the major societal structures that are particularly prominent in influencing and constraining adult psychological development.
You have had the opportunity to explore a few key elements: presence, expertise, relationship building, and cultural awareness. These elements are just a few foundational skills that make for successful leading within the context of a global world. You will now be able to make a case for whether you believe that the military is prepared for the ever-changing world and also whether there is an inherent problem with leadership deficiencies within the military. Readings: Halpin, S.M. (2011). Historical influences on the changing nature of leadership within the military environment (Links to an external site.). Military Psychology, 23:479-488. Morath, R.A., Leonard, A. L.; Zaccaro, S. J. (2011). Military leadership: an overview and introduction to the special issue (Links to an external site.). Military Psychology, 23 (5): 453-61. Video 1: https://www.youtube.com/embed/RfXmgSzUVA4 Video 2: https://www.youtube.com/embed/xFaK1GXekjA
This chapter marshals some theoretical arguments on why one should pay attention to historical influences in studying the aging process of various psychological constructs as individuals develop from young adulthood to old age to the end of their lives, and lays out some of the principal concepts that require attention when studying such historical influences. Following this, it examines historical changes in some of the major societal structures that are particularly prominent in influencing and constraining adult psychological development.
The most prominent of these structures is the influence of educational attainment and changes in access to educational opportunities. It also examines the influence of changes in occupational structure caused by the shift from an agricultural and manufacturing economy to one that is highly technologically and service-oriented. It also considers changes in healthcare and lifestyles that favorably impact level and change in optimal psychological functioning or compensate for declines that were common in earlier historical periods.
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