This essay focuses on In modern Greek. But the extent to which this may have influence the development of the word information in English is not clear.
The English word “Information” apparently derives from the Latin stem (information-) of the nominative (informatio). This noun derives from the verb īnfōrmāre (to inform) in the sense of “to give form to the mind”, “to discipline”, “instruct”, “teach”.
Inform itself comes (via French informer) from the Latin verb īnfōrmāre, which means to give form, or to form an idea of. Furthermore, Latin itself already contained the word īnfōrmātiō meaning concept or idea. But the extent to which this may have influence the development of the word information in English is not clear.
The ancient modern Greek word for form was μορφή (morphe; cf. morph) and also εἶδος (eidos) “kind, idea, shape, set”. The latter word was famously use in a technical philosophical sense by Plato (and later Aristotle). To denote the ideal identity or essence of something (see Theory of Forms).
literally means “bears fully” or “conveys fully”. Modern Greek the word Πληροφορία is still in daily use and has the same meaning as the word information in English. In addition to its primary meaning, the word Πληροφορία as a symbol has deep roots in Aristotle’s semiotic triangle.
This is something that occurs frequently with the etymology of many words. In ancient and modern Greek where there is a very strong denotative relationship between the signifier, e.g. The word symbol that conveys a specific encoded interpretation, and the signified, e.g. A concept whose meaning the interpreter attempts to decode.
In English, “information” is an uncountable mass noun.