This essay focuses on maximize student engagement .More recent research suggests that the set-up of the classroom space shapes instructor pedagogy, choice of activities, and on-task student behavior.
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. An instructor can maximize student engagement by changing the physical setup of chairs, tables, and presentations in the classroom. Instructional communication theory suggests that seating arrangements can impact how the instructors communicate with students. Also how students interact with one another, impacting engagement, motivation, and focus (McCorskey and McVetta, 1978). More recent research suggests that the set-up of the classroom space shapes instructor pedagogy. Also choice of activities, and on-task student behavior.
For example, a classroom with seating affixed and directed toward a podium at the front of the room results in instructors spending more time in lecture and students demonstrating less active engagement. In contrast, roundtable seating arrangements lead to instructors and students engaging in more active learning activities, resulting in improved learning outcomes (Brooks 2012). Further studies demonstrate that students prefer more flexible seating arrangements (Harvey and Kenyon, 2013). In particular, students express a preference for classrooms with mobile vs. fixed chairs, and trapezoidal tables with chairs on casters vs. rectangular tables with immobile chairs.