This essay focuses on the deviant behavior.It has been argue that social norms ought to be understand as a kind of grammar of social interactions. Like a grammar, a system of norms specifies what is acceptable and what is not in a society or group
Howard S. Becker (1966) notes, “It is not the act itself, but the reactions to the act, that make something deviant. In this discussion you will look at how deviance and crimes are portray in society. Remember, deviance can change throughout time as well as culture. Something that might be consider the norm currently may have been view as deviant or “against the norm” in the not so distant past. Below is a link to the National Geographic website “Taboo” in which there are links to short video that give various examples of deviant behavior. Select any TWO videos from the “Taboo” website and explain how the videos are portraying the deviant behavior. Think about “whose rules?” are you comparing the behavior with and if there could ever be a situation where this behavior is not considered deviant.
It has been argue that social norms ought to be understand as a deviant behavior. kind of grammar of social interactions. Like a grammar, a system of norms specifies what is acceptable and what is not in a society or group. And, analogously to a grammar, it is not the product of human design. This view suggests that a study of the conditions under which norms come into being—as opposed to one stressing the functions fulfilled by social norms—is important to understand the differences between social norms and other types of injunction (such as hypothetical imperatives, moral codes, or legal rules).
Another important issue often blurred in the literature on norms is the relationship between normative beliefs and behavior. Some authors identify norms with observable, recurrent patterns of deviant behavior. Others only focus on normative beliefs and expectations. Such accounts find it difficult to explain the complexity and heterogeneity of norm-driven behaviors, as they offer an explanation of conformity that is at best partial.
Norms are efficient means to achieve social welfare (Arrow 1971; Akerlof 1976), prevent market failures (Jules Coleman 1989), or cut social costs (Thibaut & Kelley 1959; Homans 1961); norms are either Nash equilibria of deviant behavior. coordination games or cooperative equilibria of prisoner’s dilemma-type games (Lewis 1969; Ullmann-Margalit 1977), and as such they solve collective action problems.