This essay focuses on Unity of command. Unity of command guarantees that everyone will have a direct supervisor. And will not be taking orders from a number of different supervisors.
Therefore, leaders are no longer experts on every aspect of the operation but rather are facilitators and coordinators between several organizations. Relationships: since military operations are often based on joint operations, leadership has changed from hierarchical authority to shared leadership (Halpin, 2011). In a joint operation often leaders must influence members of an organization that are not under their authority. Therefore, they have to build relationships and foster mutual trust and purpose.
Although some may think that these challenges are encounter only by senior leaders. The reality is that junior leaders must also work with local leaders, government and non-government agencies. Cultural Changes: the military is a very structure organization. As with any organization, it needs to change and adapt to new capabilities, challenges, and opportunities. However, changing an organization is not an easy task. Once a process is implement, and people feel comfortable with their responsibility. And level of authority, they may be reluctant to change.
An organization with a well-defined hierarchy has a clear chain of command, which is the line of authority that extends from one level of the organization to the next, from top to bottom, and makes clear who reports to whom. The chain of command is shown in the organization chart and can be trace from the CEO all the way down to the employees producing goods and services. Under the unity of command principle, everyone reports to and gets instructions from only one boss. Unity of command guarantees that everyone will have a direct supervisor. Also will not be taking orders from a number of different supervisors. Unity of command and chain of command give everyone in the organization clear directions and help coordinate people doing different jobs.
Matrix organizations automatically violate the unity of command principle because employees report to more than one boss, if only for the duration of a project. For example, Unilever, the consumer-products company that makes Dove soap, Ben & Jerry’s ice cream, and Hellmann’s mayonnaise, used to have a matrix structure with one CEO for North America and another for Europe. But employees in divisions that operated in both locations were unsure about which CEO’s decisions took precedence. Today, the company uses a product departmentalization structure.